The Philippines, officially the Republic of the Philippines, is an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. Situated in the western Pacific Ocean, it consists of about 7,641 islands that are broadly categorized under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao.
The capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both part of Metro Manila. Bounded by the South China Sea on the west, the Philippine Sea on the east and the Celebes Sea on the southwest, the Philippines shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Japan to the northeast, and Vietnam to the west, Palau to the east, and Malaysia and Indonesia to the south.
True enough that the Philippines are blessed with so many amazing and wonderful places. It is also blessed with a bountiful species of animals in land, water, and air. But it was just recently when a group of Scientists found something massive hiding in the Benham Rise, the Apolaki Caldera.
It was said to be the world’s largest caldera ever been found in history. Details about it are still a great mystery and many of us didn’t know any other details about it yet. The said caldera is said to be around 150 kilometers wide. If we are going to put it into perspective, it can be a drive from Quezon City, Metro Manila to Tarlac City, Tarlac is around 125 kilometers.
Based on the reports from the University of the Philippines Marine Science Institute Geological Oceanography Laboratory, Apolaki’s size is comparable to the shield calderas of Mars’ Olympus Mons which is the largest volcano in our solar system.
Apolaki is the name of the god of sun and in Philippine mythology. The recently found caldera, which is basically a type of volcano that collapsed on itself, was discovered by a team of scientists namely Jenny Anne Barretto who is a Filipina marine geophysicist based in New Zealand-Ray Wood, and John Milsom. They were working on a paper on the physical features of Benham Rise.